Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Poverty makes women happy

native infertile couples to have children that are west of the lower costs and less stringent legislation

Dr Nayana Patel

said: "Human beings have two main instincts: the instinct of protection and the instinct of reproduction." And she should know - who made a career for couples infertile women willing to "rent their womb." After a couple of surrogate mothers a year in 2003, Patel Akanksha clinic in the western state of Gujarat in India now offers about 110 surrogate babies a year.

commercial surrogacy remains controversial and is prohibited in many countries. But in India, a social conservative, surrogacy has prospered since the Supreme Court has legalized the practice up in 2002. A report by the Confederation of Indian Industry believes that the practice will generate $ 2.3 billion per year in 2012.

women's rights advocates say the lack of a clear law on subrogation and marketing of a regulated industry have left no room for ethics in medical practice and operation of surrogate mothers and infertile couples.

Partly because of pressure from activists, the government proposed a bill last year to limit the age to 35 surrogate mothers, set a maximum of five pregnancies - including their own children - and to make health insurance mandatory. Another proposal would make it mandatory for parents to demonstrate that the child born to a surrogate mother will automatically have citizenship in their country of origin. The bill also seeks to cease providing clinical, supply and maintenance of surrogate mothers themselves.

For now, however, is as usual in the Akanksha clinic. When Patel arrived Wednesday morning, the lobby is full of women. Some are brightly colored saris, while others are in Western dress. They are desperate for a baby or a hope of escaping poverty and give their children a better life.

One of the main attractions of surrogacy in India is the price. Most clients are in the U. S. Patel, Canada and Europe. Where is legal surrogacy in Western countries can cost upwards of $ 90,000. The Akanksha clinic, nestled in a street behind a chaotic market in Anand, which costs about one third of that. Substitutes are paid between $ 6.500 and $ 7.500, the equivalent of income for several years.

When an accident left her husband of 32 years Ranju Rajubhai severe burns and can not work, subrogation seemed the answer to the problems of the couple. "I think I'll do a good job, my job is also made and [the couple] also have a baby," said Rajubhai is due in a month. Like all women enrolled in Akanksha, Rajubhai receive $ 6225, this equivalent to seven years to pay of her husband. "I'll have my husband's surgery was done [by his burns]," she said. "I want to buy a house costs [$ 14 500 - 18 500 $]. .. In these days, pregnancy is not enough, then I think back "

Life in the house of
substitute creates a sense of brotherhood. Women enjoy the rest and attention that you had during your pregnancy, but they are confined at home during the entire pregnancy. Their families can visit on Sunday, but the substitutes to leave only for medical or family emergency.

"When I left, I just want to see the alternatives there every day," said Kantibhai Motibhai, substitute husband Shardaben twice. "Counting the days to come home. [But] I think it works well. Our main interest was money. His main interest is in the baby." Sharda Two surrogacy allowed the couple to rent land, buffalo and buy a motorcycle, get money for the education of their children and start saving. As a substitute second time in Nepal, Diksha Gurung said: "You have something to lose to win something and what is gained is much more than we lose. "
The experiences of expectant parents are very different. "I want to take a baby on the street," says 38-year-old Jennifer, a senior U.S. official who has had five pregnancies have failed. "This is the kind of despair that comes with infertility."

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