Sunday, December 11, 2011

A group of American economists

claim the role of women in many societies today is determined by its agricultural past

The invention of mankind can grow on soil plowed hard and stony. But he also helped to enslave generations of women, a group of American economists claimed. The roots of inequality have taken root in the soil of our own preparation, they say.

In their research, economists have found a significant difference between the roles of women in societies that were descendants of the farming communities that use plows and hoes those whose ancestors. These two different techniques of agriculture, although introduced long ago, have produced great divisions in modern society, for example, Alberto Alesina and Nathan Nunn of Harvard University, and Paola Giuliano, UCLA. Basically, these divisions have survived immigration and persist even in the towns and villages.

In these societies which were based on plows to prepare the ground, women today are less likely to work outside the home, to be elected to parliament or run businesses, groups of states. "The descendants of the companies traditionally plow agriculture practiced today have lower rates of participation of women in the workplace, in politics and business as well as a higher prevalence of gender inequality in favor of attitudes," on said in an article published by the U.S. National Bureau of Economic Research.

women often played an important role in the care of the earth in the distant past. But when the plows have been introduced in several regions, the men were placed at an advantage. Working with plows and animals used to pull them requires considerable force. Women have been left out and remains confined to their homes. Companies tillage are those typical of Pakistan, India and Egypt.

In contrast, societies in which they are digging is common in African countries such as Burundi, Rwanda and Kenya. Here, women play an important role in the work of digging due to not require the use of brute force. In Burundi, women constitute 90% of agricultural labor in the country, for example. However, the figure of Pakistan is 16%.

Basing his analysis on studies of over 1200 different language groups worldwide, the authors found that companies and ethnic descendants of the plow people were much more likely to agree with statements that men should have the first choice of employment and men make better political leaders. These attitudes persist even when people have emigrated to Western countries.
However, these beliefs are not necessarily fixed forever. Many Western countries were once inhabited by plowing with the communities, but do not insist that the divisions between gender roles, the authors argue. However, their message is clear: attitudes toward the role of women in the workplace have deep roots


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