shining under the peak of Mont Blanc mountain guides and scientists tell the same story: the Alps are warming, the evidence of climate change is clear and the golden age of tourism ski pass soon
From his office at the ski resort of Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, Gilles Brunot meteorologist faces snowcapped were washed with spring sun shining in a pale blue sky.
Much of northern Europe is pining for spring, but here nobody complains about the weather. Why would they? Firstly, a fall was surprisingly light weight hikers and climbers. Then, without problems, with snowfall winter came early November which grew steadily until last week, delighting skiers.
Fabulous for the tourism industry, of course. And as snow accumulates on the slopes of 2013 does not appear that in the proof of global warming. Deep in the Alps, however, scientists have observed, monitoring and reporting of adverse changes in weather patterns:. There can not be many more golden years like this
Brunot simply click on your computer to generate information about the company. Springs up a graph of average temperatures in the Alpine town of Annecy in the late 19th century. Since 1987, there has been an average annual temperature of less than 9.6c. Today, the average is about 10.8c. A yellow line indicates the increase of the average temperature increases sharply as one of the summits of Mont Blanc outside the window of the scientist.graphics
Some interpreters have argued that the increase in temperature is due to the growth of the city, so that the researchers analyzed the average temperatures in the Swiss city of Jungfrau, at an altitude of 3800 m. They found the same results, Brunot said.
"We are looking to increase the temperature even in the high mountains, showing that it is not related to conglomerates. This is much more than the overall average change in the world around 0.75C. True average grows, including water covering the Earth, and of course the sea is heated under the continents, but it is still very high.
"We are also seeing less snow in the lowlands of less than 1,000 m. Nearly 40% over the past 50 years. At higher elevations above 2000 m, and n 'there is no evolution. The level at which the precipitation of snow turns into rain seems to have fallen 200 meters. "
Brunot click another table snowfall below 1000 m altitude in the Alps. The slope is gentle, but it shows a sharp decline. "This shows that the evidence of the 1990s, there has been a rapid increase in temperatures in the mountains and since 1960 there has been a slow but noticeable trend of less snow at low altitude," said.
"indicators that the Alps are warming is evident These results are worrying, very worrying - .. Maybe not now, but in the second half of the century
"Chamonix probably has less to worry because most of the tracks are above 2,000 m, but the ski resorts at altitudes below 1500 m down to worry. things for them goes down quickly. I would say it is difficult to deny the fact that the mountains are heated, the case is being discussed is a natural or manmade "
Chamonix, one of the oldest ski resorts in France and host the Winter Olympics first time in 1924, is located in a valley overlooked by huge peaks: the Aiguilles Rouges and Mont White-south, which rises to over 4800 m in the north.
As physical evidence of how alpine glaciers are shrinking, the Mer de Glace (Sea of ??Ice), 20 minutes by train from Chamonix mountain is both impressive and disturbing. Locals say that this immense glacier, the longest and largest of the Western Alps, used to pass just below the 1960-built gondola house is plunged into the valley Montenvers to 1919 m altitude.
- Victor Saunders, a British mountain guide who lives in Chamonix for 15 years, said the alpine landscape had changed during this time, "without a doubt."
- "I climbed glaciers on all continents, including Antarctica and I can say that glaciers have been decreasing rapidly over the last 10 years in all. 'S clear that the glaciers are recession even if, of course, 15 years is a short time in geological terms. "If temperatures rise 1C, glaciers retreat up about 100 meters and it is very visible. People who live and work in the mountains are very aware of climate change."
"My customers used to ask me if I saw the evidence of climate change in the mountains, but now not even bother to ask, because there are so many proofs. Regularly returnees can see for themselves. I say that lower-level stations, and even those up to 2,000 m, is looking at a limited lifespan. Probably not in my life, but not so far.
"As a mountain guide also noticed massive changes in weather conditions, which means that it is much less predictable. You used to be able to rely on ice climbing in January, but I was doing at 1400 meters this year and it was raining. residents said they had not rained since January for 25 years, and showed that the level of freezing in the mountains grew. "
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Public invited to help save mammals, birds and insects in habitats and food supplies were under pressure
freezing time is a continuous threat of more of Britain's wild animals, birds and insects from all over the country, experts have warned. The current period of cold - one of the longest on record - particularly affects creatures that are already struggling to survive habitat loss and changes in time
examples are the hedgehog, which has already suffered a devastating loss of numbers in the last three decades and is now severely affected by the cold. Threatened reptiles as the Ringneck and slowworm require sunny conditions and warm when they come out of hibernation. This perspective is still distant, meteorologists say.
Even birds such as tawny owl and problems faced owl. "As owls and barn are based on listening to their prey - mainly voles, shrews and mice -., Since sink across the country, but on snow or hard ground which is very difficult "said Ben Andrew of the RSPB. "As a result, owls hunt during the day, leaving them vulnerable to attack by other birds from collisions with motor vehicles."
wild animals can face the weather, experts agree, but the length of the current cold snap is unprecedented, as forecasters warned that temperatures are unlikely to return to its middle in late April. At that time, much damage has been done to the wildlife of the nation. Frogs have generated only for their ponds are frozen, while many plants and insects come late, which has a ripple effect on species that feed on them.
storms also have an unintended impact. "Seabirds along the east coast of the United Kingdom - especially puffins - fighting for fishing in the current conditions," said Andrew. "They are malnourished and weak and eventually die and drop on the banks by the hundreds. Guillemots, razorbills, cormorants and gulls are also affected. Addition, small birds like goldcrests, long-tailed tits and wrens, which feed mainly on small insects, cold weather are particularly difficult. "
For sea urchins, prolonged cold had a particularly severe impact. "Many animals that have come into hibernation in November or December of last year are still asleep," said Fay Vass, chief executive Hedgehog Preservation Society. "The time is not yet hot enough to wake them up. Normally be exercised to date. "
The problem is that more of a hedgehog lay dormant, it became less and less energy that the animal had to return to the waking state, Vass added . "It depends on the health and well-fed animal, that is when he entered hibernation. But in general, the more cold lasts, the more the number of animals that are not quite awake."
problems faced urchins who had awakened from hibernation and were no better, says Vass. "They are struggling to find food and we are getting an increasing number of reports of animals which appear in the garden during the day desperately for something to eat."
in 1980 was estimated at about 30 million hedgehogs in the UK. Today there are less than a million, thanks to the enormous erosion of animal habitats. The impact of this year's winter and the possibility of further dark conditions only worsens the prospects of this mammal times around the world.
For butterflies the country, the situation is less dangerous, at least for now. However, the freezing weather continues could have serious consequences. "April is the time to stand up for the butterflies," said Richard Fox, Director of Butterfly Conservation surveys. "If they do it when it is still frozen, which could have serious consequences for their ability to feed themselves. Much could starve if these conditions persist." species that will be most affected are the large brown fritillary (
Fabriciana adippe ). This is the most endangered butterfly in Britain, found only in a few scattered locations in southern and western England. "The persistent cold weather will only make things more difficult for the tall brunette," said Fox
Other butterfly species are seriously threatened in the UK and are vulnerable to cold include continued the Duke of Burgundy (
- ) and pearl bordered fritillary the (
- Boloria euphrosyne
This long and bitter winter has tested the resilience of life in the country, the birth of sheep for birds and hatching eggs. But what about its effect on us?
A Hall of Fame creatures able to withstand extreme weather conditions wildest is almost certain to be honored with puffins, mountain sheep in Wales and mountain farmers. This week, however, the winds and spring snow drifting mocked and beaten the strongest living in Britain.
a "wreck" of more than 500 puffins occurred in eastern Scotland, the largest mass fatality since 1947. Mountain sheep in Wales, and other races equally resistant, have been stifled by drifts of Easter on the heights of Snowdonia to the Isle of Man to remember the terrible winter of 1963. And one week after the excavation in snowdrifts 35 feet in search of lambing ewes had tears in the eyes of the strongest farmers.
During the first Passover of 1913, the poet Edward Thomas rode his bicycle from London to the Quantock Hills in Somerset, wrote the classic In search of spring. One hundred years later, the search for the source of increasingly desperate late March probably the coldest in 50 years, after the wettest year ever recorded in England. If this cruel cold, boring gray creatures destroyed our hardest, what you do with the rest of us?
"There is no spring. Primavera is dreamed," writes Thomas, and talk about Easter bunnies and flowers certainly feels like a fantasy landscape where the thrill as if it were the beginning of February. phenologists, the study of the timing of biological events, such as flowers, insects and birds are up to five weeks after the last few years. And the Met Office provides a month of temperatures below average, an endless expanse of the naturalist Richard Mabey calls "a late winter long, fastidious." One word keeps popping up in conversations with farmers, scientists and thinkers on the spring: resilience. Our economy - dipwards triple head - have not, but the wild things are tougher. Period of uncertainty and change, we need more than ever.
farmers have borne the brunt of what the Germans called "100 years of winter." Gareth Wyn Jones 3500 sheep growth of his father, three uncles and three cousins ??in the mountains of North Wales Carneddau. Has there ever been a time like this? "Never Never." He said. "I'm not exaggerating, it's a bloody mess."
With the help of his dog, Cap, sniffing where sheep are buried in the snow, he dug his sheep last concert of a drift Thursday morning. His eyes had been pecked by crows, a dead lamb hanging on his back. He led the sheep down the mountain and is now "open" lambs. It takes the skin of a dead lamb and wrap it around an orphan living to be accepted, and suckled by the mother of the slain lamb. "I am absolutely devastated physically and mentally exhausted, too," said Wyn Jones. His cousin lost a stone in four days of search and rescue sheep.
Edward Thomas poetry would be difficult to make the last 12 months. A year ago, there was a drought, and after months of rain. Last year the grass was of poor quality (very humid). This year, there is not one, forcing farmers to buy expensive food that are usually based on their own silage and hay
Phil Stocker, Director General of the National Association of sheep, said there had been a tendency to delivery outside of ancient times in recent years, encouraged by saving money and energy practices exalted by New Zealand farmers - a race of mild winters. "Over the past five years, we had dry winters and earlier sources pleasant. People are lulled into a false sense of security about the springs that go from one side that is more conducive to outside of work. Farmers who have made this year have been really badly drawn. "
- repeat the mantra when discussing wildlife and weather resistance. "The fact that all of them have survived tens of thousands of years means that it is adaptable, but it is a matter of borders, and the species that are the winners and who are the losers," says Dr Kate Lewthwaite Woodland Trust, which manages the calendar of nature, the longest running biological file of this type. Timing, anyone can record his first spring sightings key events began with Robert Marsham, a naturalist of the 18th century which has recorded 27 signs of spring (the first wave of ashes, the cuckoo first) home of Norfolk for 62 years. His family has been in its history maintenance until 1958, when phenologists now taken over.
- found that the biological spring rose almost 12 days in the 30s to 2005. Scientists are trying to determine how different species adapt to this - and the unpredictable weather. "The species vary greatly in their ability to be flexible in the timing of activities," says Steve phenologist Thackeray Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH). Studies by the British Ornithological Foundation found that chickadees have advanced their dates of placement an average of 11 days in the 1960s, when the chicks hatch when food -. Larvae feed on the leaves of new spring
less resistant Perhaps the creature at the end of a long, dark winter, it's us. "In winter, we get caught, not only in our own homes, but within our own mind spring gives us the opportunity to escape, not only the staff renaissance .. Spring provides a clarity that is absolutely wonderful, "said Matthew Oates of the National Trust, which has a Radio 4 documentary centennial celebration this weekend searching for Thomas in the spring.
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supported campaign aims to double the country's forest cover Caribbean in 2016
Haiti aims to plant trees 50m per year in a reforestation campaign innovative to meet one of the main causes of poverty in the country and the ecological vulnerability.
President Michel Martelly will launch a campaign to double the forest cover by 2016 compared to the dangerous level of 2% - one of the lowest rates in the world. Despite the skepticism engendered by previous disastrous campaigns, we can hope that the thrust level mark a turning point after hundreds of years of degradation.
Haiti was covered with green forests, but clearing land for colonial plantations was followed by the cutting of trees for cooking fuel. It is estimated that 30 m to 40m trees are felled each year.
So far, efforts to solve this problem, which is exacerbated by floods and landslides, have been sporadic, small projects, mostly run by foreign NGOs. But the government has said it will spearhead the new initiative, which begins May 1.
"In three years, this level of coverage of forest plantations will give us 4.5%, and in 10 years will be 8% to 10% in 50 years and we hope to be up to Cuba, a regional model, and have 29%, "said Jean-Fran?ois Thomas, Minister of the Environment said.Player
tree planting, which aims to "convert all Haitians a ranger," is an independent international efforts dispersed by USAID, the Development Programme and the United Nations Mennonite Church, dating back at least 30 years.
But the government is supporting a new project - forest Haitian social initiative - which was released in early March by the Clinton Foundation, in collaboration with the initiative of corporate social economist and Nobel laureate Muhammad Yunus Sir Richard Branson and Virgin Unite. "The Haitian government is committed to making 10,000 hectares of agroforestry initiative, which is currently at the stage of feasibility study," said Clementine Lalande, chief investment officer of Haiti Yunus Social Business.
more tree cover is considered essential for Haiti, the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, is to raise the standard of living.
"Deforestation and poverty are closely linked in Haiti," said Lalande. "It has been clearly identified in several studies as one of the main causes of poverty here, resulting in degraded , lower agricultural yields, water shortages, reduced agricultural income and potentially malnutrition, especially in rural areas. "
- also exacerbates the impact of natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods and sand storm. "Just one day of continuous rain is devastating, can cause a disaster," said Thomas, referring to the frequent landslides that descend Haiti brown, barren mountains, burying thousands of people in the rainy season, from May to October.
- global forest cover an average of 9% -12%, with countries such as Suriname and Bhutan over 60%. Dominican Republic, Haiti's neighbor on the Caribbean island of Spanish, a lush forests but satellite photos show Haiti is practically naked.
. "This is a Haitian problem:. Every Haitian is guilty of not fighting to avoid it, and now we are used to living with it as a natural problem, "said Thomas
The campaign to change the mentality of Haiti include education through radio programs and brochures, and a component of environmental protection in the curriculum since September. Kerosene stoves, solar and propane are advertised as environmentally friendly and sustainable alternative to wood or charcoal for cooking.
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PM brings wind coalition war to an end with the appointment of Michael Fallon to replace his Conservative colleague controversial
David Cameron has moved the controversial energy minister, John Hayes, Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) to 10in not an effort to improve frayed relations between the Prime Minister and his Conservatives.
Michael Fallon, who was recently installed as Minister of Business, will be held for Hayes in a move that should improve damaged relationships coalition within the department. There was a war in progress between the Liberal Democratic Party Secretary Energy, Ed Davey, Hayes and policy on renewable energy, particularly wind farms.
a new permanent secretary noted that the ministry had become dysfunctional, and those in the energy sector said it was increasingly difficult to make sense of government policy, in particular grants, awards and goals.
Fallon is a free market supporter of green energy subsidies, but has the ability to move forward with a number of ministers and is generally regarded as one of the ministers more effective state. He is regularly deployed to act as spokesman for the party in general.
Hayes said about the atmosphere in the Commons tearoom is likely to ensure that Cameron can hear messages from time backbenchers dissatisfied. A group of Conservative MPs on foot feel disenfranchised and increasingly worried that Cameron is not a winner.
relationships and Davey Hayes so bad at one point Davey revealed to The Guardian that he asked the Prime Minister to withdraw the responsibility of green energy Hayes.wrote
Cameron Hayes warning that if he continued in the role that would be likely to appeal any decision about it, because his views were so prejudiced.
Davey requested a legal opinion from the department, which confirmed the presence of increased danger Ministry Hayes decisions on renewable energy is the subject of judicial review.
Davey formal notification to the Prime Minister.
Davey told the Guardian he feared legal even an unsuccessful challenge could be harmful at a time when the government tried to create certainty for investors in energy. Davey wanted to remove Hayes from any liability for renewables.
- Prime Minister rejected the warning and refused to withdraw Hayes office.
- decision is likely that Hayes will the Prime Minister to improve relations within the coalition and consolidate its position within his own party. Hayes was one of the first to know if any serious argument was going to oust Cameron.
- Fallon retain his position in the department of business, the renewal of the idea that you should have a direct interest in energy. At a time when most of the energy issues were in the departments of the company or enterprise.
not likely to have doubts about Hayes is paid a salary by corporate taxpayers to make what is clearly a work of political party.
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British beaches do not meet minimum standards of water quality and pollution has increased, new figures show
The number of British beaches do not meet minimum standards of water quality and pollution increased after one of the wettest summers ever recorded in 2012.
Marine Conservation (MCS) annual Beach Guide to Good Society found that 42 beaches failed to meet European minimum standards for the quality of bathing water - 17 more than in years past the guide. Recommended only 403 of the 754 bathing beaches tested in 2012, with excellent water quality -. 113 less than last year
months of rain and flooding in many parts of the UK last year washed the pollution of cities, farms and sewage at sea sewage and animals contains bacteria and viruses that cause infections of the ear, nose or throat, and gastroenteritis.
"Swimming in water that is subject to faecal contamination is associated with an increased risk of gastroenteritis," said Paul R Hunter, professor of health protection at Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia and editor of the Journal of Water and Health. "The fecal contamination in water is measured by the presence ofE coli
and enterococci bacteria in the intestines of mammals."
MCS said that the results of bacterial and viral contamination in an "out of sight, out of mind mentality" because swimmers can not see the pollution.MCS coastal pollution officer
, Rachel Wyatt, said measures should be taken to reduce pollution from farms and settlements. "With the highest standards of bathing water in the summers of 2015 and seem to have wetter, the iconic image of people close to bathing beaches could be in danger.
"There is a simple solution for sewage and animal reach our shores. However, if the water industry, communities and local authorities recognize that there a problem and begin to work together to find answers after this would be a good start. "
MCS bases its conclusions on water samples taken by the environment agencies in the UK and local authorities during the previous summer. Bacterial indicators are tested to show the presence of contamination by sewage and animal waste.
- This year, the STM recommends fewer beaches in all regions of England and Wales and Scotland. The north-east, north-west and south-west England, regions that have been particularly affected by the rain, the lowest number of beaches recommended for at least a decade. Northern England was the best performing region in the directory last year, but this year, only 31 of the 64 tracks have been recommended for excellent water quality - 22 fewer that 'in 2012. Eight beaches did not meet the minimum standard, compared to none in the guide last year. North-west of England was the region worst performing in England, with only three of the 37 beaches to reach the highest level - the lowest number in the region for at least a decade
southwest England has been particularly affected by the rain and floods last year. Having been one of the most successful in the directory of 2012, this year, only 110 of 196 beaches recommended for water quality is excellent. Sixteen beaches, including the East and West Hoe Plymouth, Bude in Cornwall and Devon in Exmouth Summerleaze does not meet the minimum standard -. 14 more than last year
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Group stresses the need for a unique program that includes economic growth, social inclusion and environmental sustainability
The High Level Group of the United Nations (HLP) operating in a global development agenda beyond 2015 has reached a turning point with the manufacture of concrete agreements, President of Liberia, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf said Wednesday.
In a statement, the group emphasized the need for a single coherent program, integrating economic growth, social inclusion and environmental sustainability. Regulation of tax havens and illicit financial flows is important to realize these ambitions, he said, welcome news by NGOs.
The third and final round of talks HLP focused on international cooperation between the rich and the poor, who are covered by the Millennium Development eight years, one of the most striking ODM- out.
Speaking after a meeting of the group in the Indonesian resort of Bali, Johnson Sirleaf said that, despite the success of the MDGs, did not give sufficient attention to the poor and marginalized.
"In many ways, the objectives of the Millennium Development Goals have been very successful, but we need to put more emphasis on ... set aside to eradicate extreme poverty, "he said.
This was a recurring theme during the negotiations in Bali, especially during meetings between group members and civil society, who stressed the importance of addressing the needs of the most vulnerable, including people with disabilities, women and children.
After his last substantive meeting, the Panel stated that a post-2015 agenda, including work to develop sustainable development goals, must be "consistent and mutually reinforcing. "
A major concern among legislators is the risk of duplication and wasted effort if the work of the Group of senior experts and UN working group on open AGDR walking parallel paths without meeting. The statement sent a strong message that this should not happen at a time when the challenges are increasingly complex and interconnected.
"We need to strengthen global governance to ensure it is fit for purpose, avoid overlap and duplication of efforts and work together to address cross-cutting issues," she said . "We must ensure that the United Nations system, multilateral and all development actors to effectively support the post-2015 development program, using a range of techniques for the exchange, trade, migration, investment and other means to strengthen societies and protect human rights. "
The Group stressed the need for sustainable consumption and production in a context of increasing pressure on land resources, water, and climate change.
- "The framework for future development should consider the challenge of the expected peak of human population to 9.10 million in 2050 and the need to manage global production and consumption in a more sustainable and equitable. can also change the expected behavior in this regard in all countries in order to make more efficient use of resources and environmental assets. This reflects the new agenda to be truly universal. "
David Rose, who wrote this piece is unrecognizable from the real man - and I was grossly distorted too
interesting that I spent an hour on Friday morning coffee with a neighbor, David Rose Mail on Sunday, talking about climate change. He was concerned about the apparent "lack of warming" in the last decade (or rather, the lack of warming at the surface), and I wondered if I wore as a climate scientist, to check my expectations for the future. /
I explained how recent observations have suggested that the very high values ??of the "climate sensitivity" values ??called (long-term warming, we expect to double the carbon dioxide), more than 5 ? C or less, it seems unlikely. And how the current rate of warming was looking unrealistic in some models more sensitive in the current round of comparisons.
But he also explained that the doubling of pre-industrial concentrations of carbon dioxide, which are almost certain to do now was only the beginning. The increased use of fossil carbon at current rates would lead to airborne concentrations four times pre-industrial figures for 2100. Thus, even if the "climate sensitivity" is as low as 2C, with a few lines of evidence now suggest, I'd always looking at 4 ? C, most of the 22 to start.
The reason is that a lot of fossil carbon, there, and continue to find more: the Japanese have just shown how to extract undersea methane clathrates. And like other carbon reservoirs are filled, an increasing proportion of carbon in the atmosphere is clear, indeed, always (unless you decide grandchildren pumping again).
David accepted this - I quote: "Of course, I agree that CO2 emissions must decrease" - while arguing that the government focus on short-term measures such as the promotion of wind power is largely irrelevant. I could not agree more. I can see a case of wind farms to avoid excessive dependence on Russian gas, but it should not be of illusions that are solution to climate change.
- I have argued for years that the chances of a high climate sensitivity is largely unrelated to the warming we expect for the next century, and I've certainly never said David that my assessment of the probability of a certain level of warming by 2100 had changed. Of course, the current rate of warming in the models of intervention are seeking greater doubtful, for reasons that may or may not be relevant to their forecasts for 2100, but the rate of increase in emissions, the climate response is not necessary to achieve particularly high 4C and 5C in 2100 shortly after. The only time I mentioned during our conversation 5C was in the context of long-term response to doubling CO2.
Who loses with this kind of thing? Well, we can not deny it makes me a little silly. As one of my colleagues (who had better remain anonymous) said: "You deserve to speak to these **** s." But climatologists refuse to talk to email correspondents on Sunday, while their remaining sources are bloggers and David Whitehouse.
would be risky to assume that gas prices will be lower in the future, the report of the Grantham Institute
The UK must use natural gas, including "fracking," to help reduce carbon from coal to power in the coming years, a report has suggested.
But it would be safe to assume that gas prices will decrease in the coming years and that the United Kingdom has a large supply of shale gas is extracted through a controversial process of fracking hydraulic study.
and gas-fired power can play an important role in the production of electricity beyond 2030 if equipped with technology to capture and store carbon emissions, according to the report Institute Climate Change and the Environment at the LSE Grantham warned.
Chancellor George Osborne, has caused controversy with movements that marked a new "gas rush", including tax cuts proposed for the exploitation of shale gas, and gas production backup strategy use fossil fuels to produce electricity.
supporters say that shale gas could provide large amounts of gas that could reduce the cost and energy security through domestic production.
But critics fear that the process of fracturing shale rock with high-pressure liquid to release gas from earthquakes and the risk of contamination of water and gas wells that could burn field and affect domestic prices.
There is also concern that the continued use of gas, it will be more difficult and expensive to achieve climate change goals to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.
- The report's authors said. "The analysis shows that significant investments gas in case of low prices and large unconventional reserves is a risky business
- "A less risky option would be a" smart board gas ", where natural gas is used wisely in areas that offer the best value in the decarbonisation of the electricity sector."
"But in the medium and long term, a strong dependence of gas plants whose emissions tirelessly hinder decarbonisation of the electricity sector in the UK."
pregnant driver and coach died in a car accident that also saw a number of survivors taken to hospital for treatment
A tour bus carrying a college lacrosse team at a women's match is out of the Pennsylvania Turnpike on Saturday and crashed into a tree, killing a pregnant woman and coach driver and sending other hospitals, according to authorities.
lacrosse players Seton Hill University and three coaches were among the 23 people on board when the bus crashed at about 9, tollway spokeswoman Renee Colborn said. It is not known what caused the accident, but the investigation of the National Police were said Megan Silverstram Cumberland County Department of Public Safety.
Greensburg Kristina Quigley, 30, was taken to hospital where he died of injuries from the accident, Cumberland County authorities said Saturday. They say Quigley was about six months pregnant and her unborn child did not survive. The pilot, age 61, Anthony Guaetta Johnstown, died in the accident.
Two other victims were transported by helicopter to Penn State Hershey Medical Center, said spokeswoman Danielle Ran hospital. She has not given their conditions. Officials said all the passengers were taken to hospital as a precaution.
The bus stopped upright on the side of the road with a part of his left side shaved, showing pictures of the scene, but whether it was the impact or Rescue operation.
- The bus operator, Mlaker Charter & Tours, Davidsville, sent investigators to the scene, the operator there said Kelly. The company has no information researchers and could not comment, said.
weekly radio used to warn manufacturers that dependence on foreign oil will lead to higher gas prices
President Barack Obama warned on Saturday that American cars and trucks must be weaned off oil forever if drivers must avoid spikes in gas prices.
promote a funding boost of 200 million years of research into clean fuel cars, the president used his weekly radio address to reaffirm his faith in an "all-of-the-above "strategy the United States if it is to become self-sufficient in energy.
The decision comes amid growing pressure on Obama environmentalists disappointed by the apparent lack of action during his first term in the White House and furious at the idea of ??a green light to the controversial Keystone XL pipeline.
- part of the solution to the need to reduce America's dependence on foreign oil, Obama fleshed out further details on the creation of an energy security fund, which direct oil revenues and gas development on clean energy research.
- The plan was drawn by the President during a visit to the research laboratories Argonne near Chicago on Friday. Attacked by some as an inadequate response to the needs of the fight against climate change, Obama defended the decision as a cost-neutral proposal that will benefit the public.
Siumut party, led by Hammond Aleqa to form the coalition government administration rather Kuupik Kleist
The race for resources in the frozen wastes of the Arctic has reduced its first national government, leaving foreign oil and mining companies on the future earthquake. Greenland voters feared that ministers should pay the interest of his country to China and foreign multinationals and ended this week, the government of Prime Minister Kuupik Kleist.
London Mining, who is a former British Foreign Minister, Sir Nicholas Bonsor, on the plateau, was the center of a controversy in the country in the wake of speculation that China could make 2000 workers to build one of the world's largest mining iron ore expressly to serve the steel industry in Beijing.Activities
Edinburgh-based Cairn Energy, which drilled for oil on the southwest coast of Greenland in 2011, also had polarized opinion between those who accepted the possibility of bringing oil to Strike enormous economic wealth and those who worry about spills.
Greenland Siumut The party, led by Aleqa Hammond, winning only 42% of the vote, which allows you to form a coalition government instead of the current ruling party led by Kleist.
The election campaign was dominated by a debate on the activities of foreign investors and concerns of 57,000 people that the future of Greenland could be dictated by the requirements of the new potentially polluting industries such as mining and oil trades traditional Inuit fishing and hunting.
Hammond, 47, who was educated in Canada and grew up with traditional techniques, such as curing skins, said he would take a more critical look at the Chinese mining investment Greenland. He also promised to increase royalties on miners and ensure that spoken by staffing plans with the unions.
"We welcome companies and countries that are interested in investing in Greenland," he said in his first interview since the election. "At the same time, we must be aware of the consequences as a people. Greenland should work with countries that have the same values ??that we have on how human rights should be respected. We have not abandoned our values ??for the benefit of investors. "Global warming has caused
sea ice thaw has made offshore oil extraction easy and open a huge amount of land that are supposed to be filled with iron ore, copper and earth minerals rare used in mobile phones and tablets.
yet acceptance in Greenland that foreign investment is needed to generate income and enable the country to escape largely autonomous dependency of an annual grant of its former colonial power Denmark.
- However, Shell has been suspended from his duties in Alaska by the U.S. government this week until they come with a safety program more robust. Last year, the House committee has called for a halt to all drilling in the far north to an intervention plan pan-Arctic was in place. Joan Walley, chair of the audit committee of the environment, said: "The infrastructure to mount a major cleaning operation is simply not up to standard techniques and the fight against oil spills have not been proven to work in difficult conditions. "
- recently plans for mining lands have raised concerns in Nuuk, capital of Greenland. London Mining want to spend more than ? 1.5 billion in the construction of a mine, an oil and a deep water port in the south-west.
Haredi Jews confront other residents of Stamford Hill, London, in a battle for control of human planningA row
fire involving the UK's largest community of ultra-Orthodox Jews have been driven by a government campaign to delegate planning laws. Ultra-Orthodox Jews are in conflict with other residents of Stamford Hill, London, in a battle for control of the planning rights spilled over allegations of anti-Semitism and "social cleansing".
Stamford Hill Neighbourhood Forum, whose leadership includes ultra-Orthodox Jews and members of the non-Jewish community, offer great powers to approve extensions to build lofts and home gardens rapidly growing population using the rule of "Big Society" policy to cede control of the local community planning. Dozens of large surfaces to provide space for families and religious schools were built on rooftops and gardens which are banned under the current regulations of local planning.
The haredim seized pious conservative localism initiative to try to accommodate a population is said to double in the next two decades. Meanwhile, a rival group of residents, led by researchers and lay members, launched a parallel supply on the same streets "to prevent any group to impose its will." Rabbi Abraham Pinter, a community leader who wants peace negotiations, said the dispute seems to be between "us and yuppies."
More than 330 local areas across England are in the process of implementing similar powers to allow development without the need for planning applications to the Board. The dispute in Stamford Hill is presented as inhabitants of rural Upper Eden in Cumbria this week became the first group to hold a referendum on the issue, voting overwhelmingly to adopt a neighborhood plan.
The pursuit of human self-responsible for planning policy to reflect national standards and be in "general conformity" with local strategic plans, but the communities secretary Eric Pickles has made it clear that wants "democracy bureaucracy and less direct."
in Stamford Hill, home to about 20,000 Orthodox Jews, attempts to bring together rival factions have so far failed. Community leaders have warned that relations are "too hot" for the neighborhood planning system again to do more to bring simmering tensions to the surface.
Hackney Planning Watch, which opposes Forum Stamford Hill district issued a warning leaflet "Act now! Its headquarters is in danger! "Asks" Do you want your neighbor to extend your home to cover your entire backyard wake up and find a school moved next "
in Stamford Hill district brochure Watch Forum Planning Hackney accused of double standards, showing a loft extension built onto the street, where some of their leaders live. He asked: "Is there a rule for them and one rule for ethnic communities?"
"The community is growing with at least 1,000 babies each year, which means that most will grow with the problem of prison overcrowding, has a psychological impact and people have nowhere to put things or even their bed, "said Benzion Papier, 27, Conservative councilor and member of the District Forum Stamford Hill neighborhood. "It's [Hackney] Mayor, Jules Pipe, who is responsible for social cleansing. Southern not need [the location of the town hall] to decide, in the north. This is the idea of ??localism. "
Pipe board must approve any planning forum, has strongly denied the accusation, saying it was "unacceptable jump to claim the planning system does not allow people to build that we want is to get people out. "
- "There would be a big question mark on any forum which was not included," he said. "There is always a tension between those who want to see something built not, but the situation becomes more confrontational by this legislation."
- Liebowitz Isaac, the father of nine children and the secretary of the tender for the planning of a forum who was jailed for electoral fraud in 2001, found that the average family size in the community had eight son, and said he sees the conflict "constant" on the extensions. He believes that the opposition to the extension is part of a more sinister threat to encourage fast growing community to find other places to live.
Jane Holgate, leader of Hackney Planning Watch, told a counselor called his "anti-Semitic" because she spoke the proposed neighborhood forum.
"When people see that it is dominated by a particular group, whether Conservative or haredi community members, will not be considered representative of the entire community," said. "functions such as planning must remain with the council, not an unelected body and not as a neighborhood forum."
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Energy and Chairman of climate change, says the government should stop "fingers crossed" on new nuclear reactors
The government has a "plan B" in nuclear energy because of the danger that new reactors will not be built in time to avoid power outages and possible failures, an influential parliamentary committee warned.
The warning follows concerns raised by Alistair Buchanan, the outgoing Director General of the Energy Regulation, Ofgem, the dismantling of many of the aging fleet of the United Kingdom plants could significantly increase the risk of shortages in a few years.
- Already, the ambitions of the nuclear industry in the UK has been very successful in recent months. Horizon consortium collapsed and is looking for a buyer, perhaps China, and advisors Cumbria rejected the construction of a waste in the long term, he said. EDF Energy, the French national energy leading to the construction of the first floor is at an impasse with Ministers on the requirements of higher energy prices and the potential for employment in the first reactor is likely to face opposition later , threatening the government's timetable for new installations.
Tim Yeo, chairman of the Committee on Energy and Climate Change selection, said. "The government seems to be crossing their fingers that private companies offer a fleet of new nuclear plants on time and budget ministers to urgently reach an emergency plan in case of the nuclear industry does not provide the new power we need. "
green activists fear that the government will try to fill this gap by encouraging the construction of new gas-fired plants, instead of more renewable energy, which could put climate targets to reach and leave consumers vulnerable to the volatility of the price of imports.
extract today Book
is Professor Richard Sambrook, Director of Cardiff University for journalism. Again, I'm running into two parts.
Sambrook began his career in the local press in South Wales before joining the BBC, where he became Director of the World News of the World. He believes an opportunity to Leveson British journalism outside his commitment to "a romantic notion of amateurism" to build professionalism ...
Proposals to "professionalise" journalism are often rejected middle class elite who suffer or do not understand the appeal of anarchic belligerent press, tabloid naughty and try to impose their standards on others.
But beyond the need to avoid undue interference, it is difficult to argue that the quality of writing and appropriate culture for 50 years, has yet to dominate a sector as transformed in scale and ambition, and face to the current range of economic and technological challenges.
In fact, the lack of professionalism or professional framework seems likely to have contributed to the current low morale of British newspaper journalism, but success can contain a fully digital future.
A YouGov poll on trust between regular professional journalists invariably show red best newspapers in the background. In March 2003, 14% of respondents trust journalists to feel, against 93% who trusted the doctors, 88% of teachers and 82% of local police departments. Journalists and media assistants killed a little more than 80%, with journalists in mid-market newspapers 36%.
Over the next nine years, there has been a downward trend in confidence in the whole, but in November 2012, the figures were 82% of doctors, 74% of teachers, 69 % of local police departments, broadcasters, 44% of mid-market journalists and 18% red-top journalists only 10%.
This highlights how the British press is not really a company that is recognized by the public. Inconvenient for those seeking reform is the market tabloid red-top - at least trust - what makes the most money. The broadsheets luxury - the largest - tend to lose money
Thus, while the public can speak a form of confidence, say something different when they decide what to buy.
Journalistschange your mind about your But journalists themselves are increasingly concerned. Preliminary results of a study sponsored by the National Council for the Training of Journalists with work show significant changes in the attitudes of journalists working in comparison with a similar survey 10 years ago. This shows that although the Spanish journalists are highly qualified (88% have a bachelor's degree or higher compared to 38% of the labor force in the United Kingdom as a whole) at least two-thirds ( 63%) have a journalism degree.
Journalismskills are considered more important to find a job as a journalist (80% against 72% ten years ago) and more relevant to his journalistic work (89% against 82% in 2002). Although most learning is done over the past 12 months (71%), most of which was informal, self-paced, more likely to be paid by such person or paid by employers free. All respondents believe that changes in the past 10 years have led to job satisfaction, the feeling of unskilled labor (40%) and produce quality work (38%). Only half recommend to a young person become a journalist - 48% would not It is a conviction by those currently working in newsrooms in Britain. Trust in journalists is at least 10 years, and the journalists themselves are more pessimistic about the profession they were a decade ago. The increasing precariousness of journalism - use fewer staff and increased use of freelancers -. It is also infringe the rules of the "business" so that physicians recognize An independent study by the NCTJ among editors of almost all media groups revealed a common concern that disclosures Leveson had "dented his own personal safety and that of their profession as a whole . "
a "great danger" chattering class "'
others feared the report would lead to the suppression of good journalism and important stories that are not reported. As one respondent said: "There is a great danger that the chattering classes seek to impose their own values ??in the process and they will try to eliminate what he considered" sticky ", calling it immoral. "
- In the last decade, the critique of journalism poor are not only "chattering classes" out of journalism, but within their ranks as well.
- Nick Davies in his book Flat Earth News, 2009, was a damning indictment of British journalism, PR or too unfiltered "churnalism."
- Malcolm Dean, in his book Democracy under attack, identifies seven deadly sins of media bias, groupthink, being too contradictory, brutality, too easily deceived, focusing on political policy and, of course, the relentless negativity.
But the newspaper industry is stubbornly dug in against the reform. Over the pro-gun United States uses the second amendment of the constitution to block a moderate level of reform, the industry of the British press that is difficult to conceive of any significant changes that could compromise his freedom and independence.
This results in the refusal to tolerate any legal basis for regulating the pressure, but extends beyond the refusal to consider seriously a firm commitment to the qualifications, standards, public accountability or training.
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British food demand can change the outlook of farmers
Jamie Doward opinion on the state of British agriculture reminds us that the problems of the food system are larger than those incurred by the scandal of horse meat ("British agriculture in crisis as losses cultures "relentless" stack up flooding woes ", News). Wondered if rightly demand British food may cause long-term change in the prospects of British agriculture.
Campaign to protect Rural England, London SE1
We are deeply concerned for justice and safety legislation. It was written in response to legal cases involving allegations of UK complicity in the secret renditions, torture and inhuman treatment. Bill is a law of concealment. Neither the public nor the victims or their lawyers and the media have the right to know.
court records could be kept secret forever. Secret courts could extend plainclothes police, suspicious deaths in custody and deaths in the army. The measures contained in the bill is an attack against an open and accessible justice, which threaten the right to a fair trial and the rule of law. Journalism at its best discovers the truth and the bill is intended to hide the evidence. MEPs vote your account and to oppose proposals secret courts of justice and security law next week.
General Secretary, National Union of Journalists (UK)
General Secretary, Trades Union Congress (TUC)
Gavin Millar QC
Doughty Street Chambers
professor of journalism at City University
director of Amnesty International
Chief Executive, Index on Censorship
English PEN President
Resources political director of human rights, justice
CEO of liberty against torture
CEO, Article 19
President of the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)
The President of the National Union of Journalists Ethics Board and head of journalism, University of Liverpool John Moore
Director, The MediaWise Trust and senior professor of journalism, University of the West of England
Reader in Law, University of Reading
Director, Scottish Documentary Institute Edinburgh College of Art / University of Edinburgh
journalism professor at the Faculty of Arts and Cultures University of Newcastle
professor and coordinator, MA International Journalism, Brunel University
Department of Theatre, Film and Television, Aberystwyth University
Professor of Media and Communications, Goldsmiths University
professor of media display Faculty of Arts, Brunel University
journalism professor at the School of Creative Studies and Media, Bangor University
reader in journalism, journalism unifying MA, Goldsmiths University
professor of journalism at the University of Central Lancashire
senior journalism professor, Liverpool John Moore University
Richard Lance Keeble
professor of the Department of Journalism at the University of Liverpool John Moore
Professor, School of Liverpool screen
Course Director, MA in Media Management University of Westminster Harrow and UCU branch president
doctoral researcher and professor, John Moores University Liverpool
Department of Media and Communication at the University of Leicester
film masters program leading and television at the University of Hertfordshire
Communication Research Centre, Loughborough University
Ayo A Oyeleye
media lecturer, Birmingham School of Media
Professor of Sociology, Open University
Dean and Professor of Sociology at the Open University in Wales
Sally Munt R
Director, Sussex Centre for Cultural Studies
> Raminder Kaur
School of Global Studies, University of Sussex
Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Law at the University of Portsmouth
comparative constitutional law professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Leeds
law professor at the Faculty of Law, University of East Anglia
professor at the Faculty of Law at the London School of Economics
R Craufurd Smith
professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Edinburgh
Dean Faculty of Law and Social Sciences of the University of East London
University of Glasgow
Anglia Ruskin University
program coordinator TUC, Ruskin College
Senior Research, Working Lives Research Institute
Vir Bala Aggarwal
Chairman of the Department of Mass Communication of the University of Himachal Pradesh Shimla (India)
general secretary, Unite the Union
Secretary General, Union of Musicians
General Secretary, PCS
Secretary general, RMT
UCU general secretary
Secretary General URTU
deputy general secretary, Unite the Union
Secretary General Staffs Transport Association employees
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