Wednesday, November 16, 2011

Easter Island is a warning about the destruction of the environment without any restriction, or is it a monument to human ingenuity?

Easter Island, accidentally discovered by Europeans on Easter Sunday in 1722, is the most remote island in the world. Now known as Rapa Nui, the small dot in the Pacific Ocean 887 is famous for its mysterious stone statues are back to the sea, looking sadly at the desert island. Call


by the islanders, who are giants, standing as high as 32 feet and weigh 80 tons each. The islanders carved giants in a career and moved - without wheels or animals - to its final location on the island. Why were they created? How do you travel? According to history, the principles of Rapa Nui (as the islanders are now known) was a cult statue of decisions that brought down the forest once luxurious Palm Island to build devices to move the stone statues more became larger and larger. Therefore, this tropical paradise into a disaster area and no trees to build new ships, people were actually left behind. Therefore, Rapa Nui is famous as an example of ecological suicide.

But this story is on the decline and fall of the culture of Easter Island is really written in stone, as it seems? Not everyone in the scientific community agrees that popular history is the real story. Two anthropologists - Terry Hunt, a professor at the University of Hawaii and Carl Lipo, professor at California State University - began to correct the record with his book,

walking statues: solve the mystery The Easter Island

[Amazon UK, Amazon U.S.]. In this book, Hunt and Lipo, conduct research on Rapa Nui, take a fresh look at the evidence and argue that rather than an example of "eco-cide", Rapa Nui is a monument to the triumph of a small group of those who stayed together in difficult circumstances.

The book opens when Hunt and Lipo began his archaeological studies on Rapa Nui in 2003. In fact, they led a field school and the study overall, with some excavations on the island for a few graduate students, hoping he would find some details about the early history of the culture studied intensively. But after determining that the settlers Hunt and Lipo humans arrived in 1200 -

well by the date previously agreed to AD 400 - which became curious. If the date of the original agreement was so far away, what could be wrong? Next, the authors found strong evidence that deforestation of the island was not a gradual process of the human population has increased, but began almost immediately after the arrival of humans and progressed rapidly. Why? Puzzled depth.

Hunting & Lipo and talk about their views of the principles of growth Rapanui, showing how scientific questions can be answered by a high degree of certainty. On the way, the authors find that, contrary to popular opinion that the first bactericide were irresponsible rapanui eco-lunatics, environmental managers were intelligent and affectionate, who designed ingenious methods to improve the island, a limited agricultural potential. Hunt and Lipo rapanui also found that devastate the principles of non-palm forest, and culture not to fall into violence and cannibalism. But I was more surprised to learn what to do and moving the huge Moai statutes do not require a lot of people at all, not monopolizing islanders precious limited resources. In fact, the construction of the statue was closely linked to long-term success of the company.

These statues are the focus of the book, showing how evolutionary theory explains the construction of the moai, as a typical characteristic of Polynesian society has become a better isolation of the island. Hunt and Lipo show that support the moai building a peaceful and cooperative agrarian society has worked on the island. Furthermore, the authors found compelling evidence of how the statues actually "walk" to its final location.

The quality of writing, with the meticulous research of the authors show how scientific research can be exciting. This fascinating book by Hunt and Lipo re-evaluate previous findings and archaeological data. Also interesting were the stories told to the authors for Rapanui still live on the island, as well as quotations from the writings of early European explorers. All these tracks are woven into an interesting story that Hunt and Lipo reached its conclusion on the original and surprising mystery of what

arrived in this remote island.
I recommend this story

attractive and readable for those who are interested to know the truth about Easter Island, for those who are curious about "how science is done," and for those who like read a cleverly written

thriller. I think this book is a shining example of how an ancient people can speak to us across the gulf of time and space, and how they are still valuable lessons to teach us today.

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