Sunday, March 31, 2013

shining under the peak of Mont Blanc mountain guides and scientists tell the same story: the Alps are warming, the evidence of climate change is clear and the golden age of tourism ski pass soon

From his office at the ski resort of Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, Gilles Brunot meteorologist faces snowcapped were washed with spring sun shining in a pale blue sky.

Much of northern Europe is pining for spring, but here nobody complains about the weather. Why would they? Firstly, a fall was surprisingly light weight hikers and climbers. Then, without problems, with snowfall winter came early November which grew steadily until last week, delighting skiers.

Fabulous for the tourism industry, of course. And as snow accumulates on the slopes of 2013 does not appear that in the proof of global warming. Deep in the Alps, however, scientists have observed, monitoring and reporting of adverse changes in weather patterns:. There can not be many more golden years like this

Brunot simply click on your computer to generate information about the company. Springs up a graph of average temperatures in the Alpine town of Annecy in the late 19th century. Since 1987, there has been an average annual temperature of less than 9.6c. Today, the average is about 10.8c. A yellow line indicates the increase of the average temperature increases sharply as one of the summits of Mont Blanc outside the window of the scientist.


Some interpreters have argued that the increase in temperature is due to the growth of the city, so that the researchers analyzed the average temperatures in the Swiss city of Jungfrau, at an altitude of 3800 m. They found the same results, Brunot said.

"We are looking to increase the temperature even in the high mountains, showing that it is not related to conglomerates. This is much more than the overall average change in the world around 0.75C. True average grows, including water covering the Earth, and of course the sea is heated under the continents, but it is still very high.

"We are also seeing less snow in the lowlands of less than 1,000 m. Nearly 40% over the past 50 years. At higher elevations above 2000 m, and n 'there is no evolution. The level at which the precipitation of snow turns into rain seems to have fallen 200 meters. "

Brunot click another table snowfall below 1000 m altitude in the Alps. The slope is gentle, but it shows a sharp decline. "This shows that the evidence of the 1990s, there has been a rapid increase in temperatures in the mountains and since 1960 there has been a slow but noticeable trend of less snow at low altitude," said.

"indicators that the Alps are warming is evident These results are worrying, very worrying - .. Maybe not now, but in the second half of the century

"Chamonix probably has less to worry because most of the tracks are above 2,000 m, but the ski resorts at altitudes below 1500 m down to worry. things for them goes down quickly. I would say it is difficult to deny the fact that the mountains are heated, the case is being discussed is a natural or manmade "


Chamonix, one of the oldest ski resorts in France and host the Winter Olympics first time in 1924, is located in a valley overlooked by huge peaks: the Aiguilles Rouges and Mont White-south, which rises to over 4800 m in the north.

As physical evidence of how alpine glaciers are shrinking, the Mer de Glace (Sea of ??Ice), 20 minutes by train from Chamonix mountain is both impressive and disturbing. Locals say that this immense glacier, the longest and largest of the Western Alps, used to pass just below the 1960-built gondola house is plunged into the valley Montenvers to 1919 m altitude.

Another British mountain guide, was born in Southampton Andy Perkins, who came to Chamonix the student to 20 years over 30 years, according to one of the peaks above Chamonix. "When I came here there was snow on the trees until the middle of the mountain. Currently, the idea seems ridiculous.

"My customers used to ask me if I saw the evidence of climate change in the mountains, but now not even bother to ask, because there are so many proofs. Regularly returnees can see for themselves. I say that lower-level stations, and even those up to 2,000 m, is looking at a limited lifespan. Probably not in my life, but not so far.

"As a mountain guide also noticed massive changes in weather conditions, which means that it is much less predictable. You used to be able to rely on ice climbing in January, but I was doing at 1400 meters this year and it was raining. residents said they had not rained since January for 25 years, and showed that the level of freezing in the mountains grew. "
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